1 Other Yahoo entities included in this report tracked numbers of government data requests processed during the reporting period rather than government data requests received. Future reports will consistently reflect the number of government data requests received (as opposed to processed) during the reporting period in each country for which we report statistics.
Government Data Requests
|No Data Found||Rejected||Only NCD Disclosed||Content Disclosed||Total Government Data Requests||Total Government Specified Accounts|
- Government Specified Accounts:
- The number of Yahoo accounts, users, or other unique identifiers listed in a Government Data Request. This number is typically larger than the number of users and accounts actually involved because: 1) a single account may be included in more than one Government Data Request; 2) an individual user may have multiple accounts that were specified in one or more Government Data Requests; and 3) if a Government Data Request specified an account that does not exist, that nonexistent account would nevertheless be included in our count of Government Specified Accounts.
- Government Data Request:
- Compulsory legal process to Yahoo entities from government agencies seeking information about Yahoo accounts and/or the activity of Yahoo users within Yahoo products. The Government Data Requests reflected in this report are generally made in connection with criminal investigations.
- Data that our users create, communicate, and store on or through our services. This could include words in a communication (e.g., Mail or Messenger), photos on Flickr, files uploaded, Yahoo Address Book entries, Yahoo Calendar event details, thoughts recorded in Yahoo Notepad or comments or posts on Yahoo Answers or any other Yahoo property.
- Non-content data such as basic subscriber information including the information captured at the time of registration such as an alternate e-mail address, name, location, and IP address, login details, billing information, and other transactional information (e.g., “to,” “from,” and “date” fields from email headers).
- No Data Found:
- Yahoo produced no data in response to the Government Data Request because no responsive data could be found (i.e., the account didn’t exist or there was no data for the date range specified by the request).
- Yahoo may have possessed data responsive to the Government Data Request, but none was produced because of a defect or other problem with the Government Data Request (e.g., the government agency sought information outside its jurisdiction or the request only sought data that could not be lawfully obtained with the legal process provided). This category also includes Government Data Requests that were withdrawn after being received by Yahoo. We carefully review Government Data Requests for legal sufficiency and interpret them narrowly in an effort to produce the least amount of data necessary to comply with the request.
The numbers reported above include all types of government data requests such as criminal law enforcement requests and those under U.S. national security authorities, including the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and National Security Letters (NSLs), if any were received.
The U.S. Government does not permit us to disclose additional details regarding the number of requests, if any, under national security authorities at this time, or even to separate them in aggregate from other requests. Additionally, the government would not authorize us to separate NSLs from other government data requests or to express the NSLs that we have received, if any, as a range from 0 to 1,000—even though the government allowed other providers to do so in the past. We strenuously disagree with the government's position and will continue to advocate for greater transparency regarding requests made under national security authorities. If we succeed in persuading the U.S. Government to allow greater transparency, we will disclose additional details in future reports, and we will also update this report with more details related to national security requests as permitted.
For more information on the legal process that can be used by the U.S. government to obtain user data and our policies related to requests for user data, click here: Yahoo! Inc. Law Enforcement Response Guidelines.